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Children are the future of every nation. No nation can reach its developmental goals unless appropriate steps are taken to ensure the growth and development of children who form an important part of national human resources. But unfortunately, children are the most vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. Considering these facts the United Nations General Assembly, vide resolution 44/25 of 20th November, 1989, adopted Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) for survival, protection, participation and development of children. Some of the major standards for children prescribed in the CRC are as follows:

  • Every child has the inherent right to life, survival and development, including the right to the highest attainable standard of health & to facilities for the treatment of illness, the right to education, which shall be directed to the development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential; and the right to benefit from social security.
  • In all actions concerning children, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
  • Views of the child are to be given due weightage.
  • A child has right to rest & leisure, & to engage in play and recreational activities.
  • No child shall be subjected to illicit transfer, abduction, sale or traffic for any purpose or in any form.
  • The child is protected against all forms of discrimination, based upon race, colour, sex, language, religion, political, or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.
  • A child deprived of family environment, shall be entitled to especial protection and assistance provided by the State.
  • A mentally or physically disabled child should enjoy a full & decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self –reliance & facilitate active participation in the community.
  • The rules of international humanitarian law applicable to children in armed conflicts are respected.

CRC is one of the most accepted human rights document concerning the rights of children in the world. All state parties are obliged to adopt policies and take action for the best interest of the child as set forth in the CRC and other international documents. The Indian state recognizes the special needs of children. Accordingly, the constitution of India guarantees various rights to the children such as right to equality, right to free and compulsory education, right against exploitation etc.

Following are some of the constitutional provisions relating to rights and protection of children in India.

Article 14 provides that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Article 15(3) provides that, “Nothing in this article shall prevent the State for making any special provision for women and children.”

Article 21 provides that no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

Article 21A directs the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.

Article 23 prohibits trafficking of human beings and forced labour.

Article 24 prohibits employment of children below the age of fourteen years in factories, mines or any other hazardous occupation.

Articles 25-28 provide freedom of conscience, and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

Article 39(e) and (f) provide that the State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing to ensure that the health and strength of workers, men and women and the tender age of children are not abused and that the citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength and that the children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that the childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.

Article 45 envisages that the State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.

India being a signatory of Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 1989 ratified it on December 11, 1992. Pursuant to its ratification the Government of India enacted the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.

This Annual Report -2010, of Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights has been prepared for submission to the Government of Assam in accordance with the provision of Section 23 (1) of the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.


The Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights has been constituted under Section 17 of the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 read with Government notification No. SWD 79/93/Pt.V/136 dated 4th March 2010 for protection, promotion, development, survival and participation of children.


Mrs. Runumi Gogoi

Mrs. Runumi Gogoi is a social activist. She is associated with several organisations working for welfare of women and children in the state.

Mr. Rajeswar Sarma

Mr. Rajeswar Sharma, is a Post Graduate in Economics and LLB. He rendered excellent service in Indian Air force from 1974 to 1989. Enrolled in Bar Council of India in 1990 he dealt litigations in various fields in Gauhati High Court and other courts for over two decades.

Shri Adhil Shah

Mr. Adil Shah is a graduate from Gauhati University.  He is a well known social activist.

Dr. Nani Gopal Goswami

Dr. Nani Gopal Goswami has done MA (double), LLM, M.Phil. He has done his Ph.D fromGauhati University. He is a practicing Lawyer in Gauwahati High Court. He is actively involved in various social activities.


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